What is root canal treatment?
Inside your tooth, under the enamel and a hard layer called dentin, is a soft tissue called dental pulp. This tissue contains blood vessels, nerves and connective tissues, which help grow the root of your tooth during its development. If the bacteria in the oral environment have reached the dental pulp due to caries, cracks, fractures, it causes pain. Root canal treatment is the process of cleaning, disinfecting and sealing the pulp tissue in the root canals to get rid of this pain and to prevent re-infection.
What happens in root canal treatment?
During root canal treatment, your endodontist:
- Places a dental dam (tiny tarp) over your tooth to isolate the affected area and protect your mouth.
- Accesses the pulp tissue from the top or behind your affected tooth generally by cleaning the tooth decay.
- Removes damaged or diseased pulp tissue.
- Cleans and disinfects the area inside a tooth.
- Fills and seals the tooth.